When the Dorsey band played lengthy residencies at the … In the classical music world, Arturo Toscanini considered him the world’s greatest trombonist. Count Basie … The audiences, on the other hand, were largely contemporaries with the original bandleaders. Sinatra worked diligently at developing his own style, and often slurred the vocals just enough … JAVASCRIPT IS DISABLED. But despite the lack of name recognition outside … What Instrument did Jimmy Dorsey Play? shooting someone. It enabled the crooning style of a Bing Crosby to replace the forceful loudness of an Al Jolson. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); At the time, both the Tommy Dorsey and Harry James bands were performing in Chicago. What Instrument did Benny Goodman Play? https://www.answers.com/Q/What_instrument_did_Tommy_Dorsey_play During this period the brothers also played (sometimes separately but usually together) in a variety of musical groups. As leader of the Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra I have to play some of the solos that Tommy Dorsey used to play when they were the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra. Some jazz fans heard of him due to the four titles he recorded in 1929 as a leader, playing trumpet along with a rhythm section. August 25, 1988 – Found on ProQuest Jimmy died of cancer the following year. Tommy's chair was filled by the 16-year-old Bobby Byrne. Tommy Dorsey / William Ruhlmann, All Music, Your email address will not be published. The Dorseys reunited on March 15, 1945 to record a V-Disc at Liederkranz Hall in New York City. In 2012, the largest trombone ensemble was formed with over 360 trombonists playing 76 trombones around the edge of Washington national baseball field. Determined that his sons would not become miners themselves, he pushed them to excel in music. When Jimmy Dorsey broke up his band in 1953, the two brothers reconciled and joined forces. Singers were important in Dorsey’s band from the start, and many early recordings featured the popular baritone Jack Leonard. After a while, Sinatra persuaded Dorsey to let him make some recordings on his own. Look at Me Now,” “East of the Sun,” and “In the Blue of Evening.”, Dorsey perfected a ballad style on the trombone, noted for seamless legato phrases and purity of tone. Under Morrow, the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra played mostly the old arrangements Dorsey made famous, but about 25% whatever else he felt like playing. Oliver attracted jazz musicians to the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra, including trumpeter Zeke Zarchy and drummer Buddy Rich. ... and jazz critic Leonard Feather, among many others. At the same time, his band played with an ease that no other similarly disciplined band could match. Altogether, big … Favorite Answer Jimmy Dorsey started out ion the trumpet when his dad taought music, but later played the clarinet. Bebop combos and independent singers came less expensive. Clubs had to pay big money to hire big bands. instrument Benny Goodman played. Dorsey decided to let Sinatra sing whatever he wanted, with only piano accompaniment. He also mastered the technique of circular breathing. With the pre-war and war period having nothing but a favorable effect on the band business, by 1940, dance bands were still big business. Dick Haymes, however, had started to perform solo club dates. He was a terrific player, but keep in mind that he was a commercial player playing a “peashooter” (small-bore trombone) while Alessi and Lindberg are playing large-bore instruments typical of the trend today in the classical world. From world-famous symphony stage to intimate recital hall. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Tommy Dorsey-trombone Glenn Miller-trombone. He soon formed another one. I am going for a slightly different style. Jimmy Dorsey's band featured Ray McKinley on drums, while his brother had Buddy Rich. After scoring a few hits, they formed a full-time touring band in 1934, but the brothers always had a tense relationship. trombone. Be able to play high notes, low notes and everything in between. After all, there are still talented arrangers who know how to write big band charts. where did Louis Armstrong start his career. On May 21, 1940, the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra opened at the Astor Hotel’s Roof Garden. The war years caused trouble for all big bands, as travel became difficult. Jimmy Dorsey's band featured Ray McKinley on drums, while his brother had Buddy Rich. …independently and with his brother Tommy—led one of the most popular big bands of the swing era. You could almost feel the excitement coming up out of the crowds when that kid stood up to sing. He was also a highly talented saxophone and clarinet player.…. Ironically, some aspects of Dorsey’s success led directly to the end of the swing era and to the end of jazz as the embodiment of American popular music. With ten months left on his three-year contract, Sinatra informed Dorsey that he would not renew it. They launched a television series in 1954 to serve as a summer replacement for the Jackie Gleason show. Tommy (with some help from his friend and benefactor, entertainer Jackie Gleason) was one of the few prominent bandleaders able to keep a big band going into the mid-1950s. Your email address will not be published. What are the most important skills a trombonist should learn in order to be successful as a commercial player? The bands, typically 15 to 20 musicians, had strong brass, woodwind, and rhythm sections but seldom any string instruments. But the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra never had a distinctive stylistic profile. Each brother continued a fascination with Dixieland music, and Jimmy incorporated the sound into his popular orchestra. what instrument did Louis Armstrong play. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey in The Fabulous Dorseys, 1947. By that time, rock music, led by Presley, had begun to eclipse jazz in popular music. The Dorsey brothers, Jimmy and Tommy, could have jointly led the band that kicked off the swing era in jazz. Under Covington, the band issued yet another Top Ten recording. His influence spread far beyond the world of jazz, or even popular music. Years later, Dorsey remembered, “I used to stand there on the bandstand so amazed I’d almost forget to take my solos. The night Sinatra happened / James Kaplan, Vanity Fair. Like Jimmy Dorsey, he plays clarinet and saxophone. Being the preeminent trombone virtuoso in popular music in the 1930s, 40s and 50s, Tommy had instrument makers vying with each other to provide him with (and endorse) their trombones. Their father, a self-taught musician, worked in the mines for 20 years until his musical activities enabled him to escape. He learned about phrasing, dynamics, and style from the way Dorsey played his horn, and he enjoyed his work because Dorsey felt a singer should always be given a perfect setting. But he left the music world largely behind in the mid-’50s and spent much of the second half of his life devoted to writing and other pursuits. The Dorsey brothers were the first family of music. Plus, they were new. The T396 is an instrument meant to crown the low brass section while still blending with the orchestra. His arrangements helped Dorsey update his style from the Dixieland approach it exhibited before. Tommy Dorsey, indeed, was unwilling to give up on bands. Source (s): BIG BAND LOVERS Noted sidemen who played for Dorsey included trumpeters Bunny Berigan and Ziggy Elman, saxophonists Bud Freeman and Johnny Mince, guitarist Al Viola, pianist Joe Bushkin, and drummer Buddy Rich. It marked his first appearances on national television. He was also a highly respected and influential trombonist. Jimmy Dorsey was a natural leader, enabling him to unite a group of potentially volatile musicians into a smooth group. Then his brother came along and played the trombone. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Among their hit recordings were “Boogie Woogie,” “The Dipsy Doodle,” “Marie,” “Song of India,” “Opus One,” and “On the Sunny Side of the Street.” With its versatility and excellence, Tommy’s band was one of the most consistently popular of the swing era. After a few months’ billing as The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra, featuring Jimmy Dorsey, the band returned to its original name, the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra. Tommy Dorsey permanently left the orchestra in 1935 to take over the Joe Haymes band, turning it into Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra, with the nucleus of the Dorsey Brothers' Orchestra carrying on under Jimmy's leadership. He became a member of Benny Goodman ’s orchestra in December 1936. Both could play multiple instruments at age 10. As a young man he played with various orchestras, including a stint with Ben Pollack in 1935–36. A natural musician, Ziggy Elman could play, in addition to trumpet, violin, trombone, and the woodwind instruments. He was born on November 19, 1905 in Shenandoah, PA. He was a skinny kid with big ears. The Dorsey Brothers Orchestra became Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchestra. who were dance musicians. The brothers grew up in Pennsylvania coal country. Dec 7, 2014 - Tommy Dorsey,"The Sentimental Gentleman of Swing", was overall the most popular bandleader of the swing era from 1935 to 1945. Storyville. The son of circus performers, James learned to play drums at age 4 and the trumpet at 8; when he was 12 he led one of the circus bands. September 20, 2010 But th… Tommy Dorsey playing trombone at Galvan's Ballroom, Corpus Christi, Texas, in 1951. The Dorsey brothers had a tentative reunion in 1947 to play themselves in the fictionalized autobiographical film The Fabulous Dorseys. At the time, it had only one solo feature for Sinatra, “Begin the Beguine.” But after they performed it, the audience demanded an encore. Jimmy Dorsey was a natural leader, enabling him to unite a group of potentially volatile musicians into a smooth group. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The Dorsey sound: recovering “the greatest dance band of them all,” and the man who created it / Terry Teachout, Commentary. Sinatra soon had a following greater than that of any big-band vocalist. After starting out as cornetists, both Dorseys quickly switched to instruments for which they would … The strike lasted until after RCA ran out of unreleased Tommy Dorsey recordings in 1944. Although he was not known for being a notable soloist, his technical skill on the trombone gave him renown amongst other musicians. Jimmy Dorsey was born in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, United States, the first son of Theresa Langton Dorsey and Thomas Francis Dorsey. But the crooner Dorsey hired in January 1940—a 24-year-old named Frank Sinatra—was the band’s main attraction for nearly three years. In 1953, after Jimmy’s band had broken up, Tommy hired Jimmy as a soloist and band member. Tommy hired musicians away from Joe Haymes to form the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra. It proved successful enough to return occasionally during the 1954-1955 season, and then every week the following season. And when the American Federation of Musicians went on strike in 1942, it forbade its members from entering recording studios. Their first recording with Okey Records, “Round Evening,” included Tommy’s idol Jack Teagarden on trombone and two vocals by Bing Crosby. In later years, Sinatra acknowledged his debt to Dorsey and frequently cited him as his main musical influence in terms of phrasing and breath control. Designed, tested, and proven with orchestral players from St. Louis, Washington DC, and, of course, New York. They formed the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra in 1928 and quickly became successful and well respected. Elvis Presley made six consecutive appearances on the show, beginning in January 1956. After the brothers did some radio work and played in several groups, they formed the Dorsey's Novelty Six in 1920; and two years later they changed it to Dorsey's Wild Canaries in time for their band's debut at an amusement park in Baltimore, MD. (7 of them) Trombone. Tommy Dorsey, byname of Thomas Francis Dorsey, Jr., (born November 19, 1905, Mahanoy Plane, Pennsylvania, U.S.—died November 26, 1956, Greenwich, Connecticut), American musician who—both independently and with his brother Jimmy—led several of the most popular big bands of the swing era. By 1939, though, critics, and even Dorsey himself were becoming bored with too much mellowness. Quite likely, their parents have no first-hand memories, either. My new Warburton 11M-T4 is the perfect mouthpiece for me for playing long phrases on ballads. Thomas Francis "Tommy" Dorsey, Jr. (November 19, 1905 November 26, 1956) was an American jazz trombonist, trumpeter, composer, and bandleader of the Big Band era.He was known as "The Sentimental Gentleman of Swing", because of his smooth-toned trombone playing. That is, he could store air in his cheeks and push it out while exhaling with his nose. Dorsey’s big band played music that ranged from smooth dance tunes to hot swing; Dorsey had a small group, the Clambake Seven, for more intense jazz. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The year 1946 marks end of the big band era. At his peak in the 1930s and ’40s, Shaw pulled in a five-figure salary per week and ranked with Benny Goodman, Tommy Dorsey and Glenn Miller as the bandleaders who made music swing. The Dorseys joined the Whiteman band in 1927 and participated in some notable recordings. But not like Dorsey. Tommy began his performance career on trumpet and trombone, eventually playing the trombone exclusively, though his trumpet playing was exceptional. One aspect of Dorsey’s legato may be that he reached his fame after the microphone changed popular singing. His success earned him his own radio show, which aired for almost three years. Together they would produce what would later become known as the father of gospel music. Dorsey also demanded and got great precision in ensemble, rhythm, and intonation. Each Dorsey band had a famous singer, Bob Crosby with Jimmy and Frank Sinatrawith Tommy. Noted jazz historian Gunther Schuller stated: “Dorsey was clearly the creator and master of this smooth ‘singing’ trombone style, so seemingly effortless, largely because of his flawless breath control.” Fine examples of Dorsey’s trombone can be heard on such recordings as “If My Heart Could Only Talk,” “Annie Laurie,” “Tea for Two,” and “Say It.”. When the strike ended in 1945, Dorsey promptly made six more Top Ten hits. Paul Whiteman, Duke Ellington, and Glenn Miller had already established themselves there. As teenagers, the brothers worked in several bands before forming their own combo, Dorsey’s Novelty Six, in 1920. Young women always swooned as he sang. Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (date not identified). Even though Tommy became proficient earlier at trumpet, it was the trombone, smooth as silk, that would become his signature instrument. Remember, he was no matinee idol. Ghost bands’ proud to carry great names /Leonard Feather, Windsor [Ontario] Star. He earned high praise from critics and fellow musicians for his distinctive sound and accurate intonation. It is not an understatement to say that Tommy Dorsey was pretty busy. If rival dance bands had a more easily recognized style or played more consistent jazz, none of them had a trombone soloist like Dorsey. The eclectic mixture ensured that a wide variety of listeners and dancers would find something to like in his programs. The musical instrument can go from fast and technical passages from pieces like “Carnival of Venice” and “Blue Bells of Scotland,” to smooth, sweet jazz ballads and peaceful slow melodies. Thomas A. Dorsey attained his education from the classrooms of Villa Roca and Atlanta in Georgia. He led 52 municipal bands at one time or another. With young men being drafted in profusion and some even volunteering for military service, big bands found new venues to work: Army and Air Force bases and Naval stations. As the child of a preacher Thomas attended elementary school where he would learn academics and observe the benefits associated with being the child of a preacher. As he grew into manhood, he began to fuse elements of Louis Armstrong’s jazz style to his strongly klezmer-influenced playing, the result of which … Franz von Suppé: a classical composer who wasn’t. Required fields are marked *, HTML tags allowed in your comment:
, (Professional research for a general audience). When Jimmy quibbled about a tempo on stage and offended Tommy in 1935, Tommy simply walked away. Louisiana. Piano. An instrument with the ability to span every aspect of trombone performance. clarinet. In fact, the transfer of so many of the old records to compact disc demonstrates that the music still appeals to an audience as yet unborn during the big band era. ... an extremely innovative combination of instruments at that time. -- Tommy Dorsey to Nelson Riddle "Tommy Dorsey would walk up to you if you had a tuxedo on and make sure you didn't have on white socks." Glenn Miller, Benny Goodman, Tommy Dorsey. Both Jimmy and his younger brother, Tommy Dorsey, were musically active during their childhoods and by the age of seven, Jimmy was already playing with his father's band. Tommy, Jimmy, Mary, and Edward Dorsey, c. 1911 “Since Tommy came along after Jimmy, he was the one who had to prove his worth.” – Artie Shaw * “Wearing glasses and playing a musical instrument, Tommy often found himself the subject of ridicule from kids in the town. It still survives as a ghost band. He was also a virtuoso performer o… While earlier trombonists like Kid Ory and Miff Mole can be accused of blatting, Jack Teagarden certainly made his trombone sing. However he was barely known to the general public. Both brothers received their first musical training from their father, a music teacher and marching band director. Corrections? It enabled him to play very long phrases without interrupting them for breath. As teenagers, the brothers worked in several bands before forming their own combo, Dorsey’s Novelty Six, in 1920. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Many of the bands were reconstituted as ghost bands, playing all the old standard arrangements under different leadership. Others might have known of him because of the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra which was strictly a recording group during 1928-33 and produced some very musical performances that fell between jazz and dance music. Updates? What Instrument did Tommy Dorsey Play? The band’s outstanding arrangers included Paul Weston, Bill Finegan, and Sy Oliver. The band also appeared in several motion pictures. The comfortable rim, the quick response and ease of articulation makes every register just sing out. Fronting this … -- Dick Haymes Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Recorded by Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra for Victor on January 19, 1939 in New York. What Instrument did Count Basie Play? He was wrong. They frequently fought, both verbally and with fists. Clarinet. Soon thereafter Tommy recorded “I’m Getting Sentimental over You,” which became his theme song and the source of his nickname, “The Sentimental Gentleman of Swing.”. Instead of a single encore, Sinatra sang three or four. where was Louis Armstrong from. November 2005. Trombone. “To many listeners, jazz and swing were the same, but most fans found swing [easier], more listenable, and more suitable for … Big bandleader during the Swing Era who earned the moniker “The Sentimental Gentleman of Swing.” His brother was Jimmy Dorsey. The Dorsey brothers were the first family of music. Born in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, in 1904 and 1905, respectively, Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey were both playing instruments by 1910 under the strict tutelage of their father, a music teacher and bandmaster, who, to be certain his sons practiced, hid their shoes so they couldn't play outdoors. He hired arranger Sy Oliver. who were famous … The boys played in several local bands until the mid-1920s, then they moved to New York. November 13, 2005 –Found on Proquest By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The company continued to score Top Ten hits by repackaging older recordings. In November of that year, Tommy Dorsey choked to death on his vomit while he slept. The great old names became like brand names, a guarantee of musical quality. He was also a virtuoso performer o… The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra was never a jazz band. The sidemen in all these bands, mostly in their 20s, graduated from top American music schools. why did Louis Armstrong go to prison. His father, Thomas, was initially a coal miner, but would later become a music teacher and marching-band director. Jimmy Dorsey’s, Duke Ellington’s, Count Basie’s, and others continued as successful organizations. It’s not that bands ceased to exist. Dorsey was sure that no singer could succeed without being part of a band. Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. After splitting with Jimmy in 1935, Tommy took over the remnants of the recently disbanded Joe Haymes Orchestra. In fact, Sinatra’s success spelled the beginning of the end of the primacy of big bands and ushered in the age of solo vocalists. Tommy Dorsey is best known as a Composer. At the same time, his band played with an ease that no other similarly disciplined band could match. With a microphone, Dorsey could fill a room with sound with less effort and less breath. Dorsey also demanded and got great precision in ensemble, rhythm, and intonation. It was a dance band that carefully straddled the line between swing and sweet. Trouble for all big bands, typically 15 to 20 musicians, had strong brass,,. Season, and then Buddy Morrow led the band issued yet another Top Ten.. 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