It is a multifaceted phenomenon that incorporates metabolic, neural and neuromuscular components, among others. Self-report questionnaires and physical assessments were undertaken at a tertiary dance institution and a professional ballet company. 2005;Micheli, et al. These results show that the observed contemporary dance performance is an intermittent type of activity of moderate intensity. Στον τρέχοντα Ολυμπιακό κύκλο (2013-16), η Παγκόσμια Ομοσπονδία Γυμναστικής δίνει ιδιαίτερη έμφαση στην αισθητική αξία των προγραμμάτων Ρυθμικής Γυμναστικής αφενός για να περιορίσει την υπέρμετρη αύξηση της δυσκολίας των ασκήσεων και αφετέρου για να ενισχύσει τη θεαματικότητά τους. Based on the results of this study, performing PNF before a vertical jump test would be detrimental to performance. A dancer often performs one hundred or more closing actions of the leg to fifth position during one ballet or contemporary technique class. Similarly, a manual search of journals-Research in Dance Education and the Journal of Dance Medicine and Scienceconcerning dance education and dance science was conducted. Learn more. Med Probl Perform Art 2010; 25:10-15. dancers partaking in different types of dance possess elements that essentially differ in motion characteristics. The purpose of this investigation was to determine to what degree different warm-up routines affect performance in the vertical jump test. Data were collected using three-dimensional motion capture, mental imagery questionnaires, and subjective reports. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between bilateral isokinetic knee extensor and flexor muscles strength, and biochemical hematologic parameters in female modern dancers. Participants’ imagery ability and self-reported views and attitudes toward MIP were also investigated. In this article are great tips to get/maintain flexibility. Similarly, a manual search of journals -Research in Dance Education and Journal of Dance Science and Medicineconcerning dance education and dance science was conducted. 36 synonyms and near synonyms of flexibility from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 20 antonyms and near antonyms. Does whmis to controlled products that are being transported under the transportation of dangerous goodstdg regulations? The objectives of this study were to examine whether a static stretching (SS) routine decreased isometric force, muscle activation, and jump power while improving range of motion (ROM). But flexibility by itself is useless and uncontrollable unless it is accompanied by strength and the knowledge of the correct muscles to use. Metabolic causes of fatigue are associated with the ability to maintain energy supply during exercise, the speed at which homeostasis is achieved post-exercise, and the effects of high intensity exercise by-products on the peripheral neuromuscular system. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. All participants took the Bruininks-Oseretsky test as a post-test at the end of the experiment. Variables were divided into 5 categories: cardiorespiratory fitness, flexibility, muscle strength, muscular endurance and body composition. To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the author. The aim of this research is to determine the differences in fitness components between two types of dancers. Objectives: Variables were divided into 5 categories: cardiorespiratory fitness, flexibility, muscle strength, muscular endurance and body composition. After SS, there were significant overall 9.5% and 5.4% decrements in the torque or force of the quadriceps for MVC and ITT, respectively. Individual data were collected for anthropometry, vertical jump, leg dexterity, and leg active and passive ROM. Only the IG received four 20-minute MFR treatments of the lower limb at weekly intervals between pre-and post-measurement. A total of 50 performances, performed by 20 dancers, were monitored by using a portable accelerometers (SWA armbands) and heart rate monitors while 45 performances in DVDs were video analysed. Flexibility training involves low-intensity exercises that increase the total range of motion of a joint or group of joints. After a total of 24 days/lessons of practice, the tests were performed again and the results analyzed. These results suggest that the skills of accomplished dancers lie in their small finger movements and that the sensorimotor learning of street dance is characterized by a stabilization of the coordination patterns, including the inhibition of an unintentional transition to other coordination patterns. The results were analysed through basic descriptive and comparative statistical procedures. Being a long-time dancer and the female gender were associated with an increased range of hip joint motion. The participants were the professional dancers of the Kielce Dance Theatre and members of two youth jazz dance teams from the Kielce Dance Theatre. The aims of this pilot study were to investigate: 1) functional ankle PF maximal angles and ROM while performing elevé among professional dancers, 2) the effect of MIP on enhancing elevé performance, and 3) participants' views on the MIP intervention and its feasibility in a professional dance company setting. The aim of this paper is to review existing literature relating to aspects of dance talent. Second, the study attempted to compare the duration of the dependent variable changes with the duration of the change in ROM. vi Capable of being bent or flexed; pliable: a flexible hose. This review includes literature from a variety of sources, including scholarly journal articles, books, and internet websites. Strength and flexibility are two physical qualities that complement each other and which are fundamental to the technique of jazz dance. Inter-rater reliability of the aesthetic competence tool was very high (r = 0.96). Two PhD dissertations, one conference proceeding and 34 peer-reviewed journal articles met the inclusion criteria. These include, among others, the dancer's physi- cality (e. g., height, weight, muscular strength, and flexibility), ... e., jumping ability) is questionable (Batson, 2009;Steinberg et al., 2006;Wyon et al., 2006). Conclusion: Flexibility or limberness refers to the range of movement in a joint or series of joints, and length in muscles that cross the joints to induce a bending movement or motion. Similarly, decreases in reaction (5.8%) and movement (5.7%) time with the control condition differed significantly (P < 0.01) from the stretch-induced increases of 4.0% and 1.9%, respectively. The experimental group swam and trained with dolphins, while the control group spent an equal amount of time training in water without dolphins, after participating in the SPARK motor programme. A sample of morphological measuring instruments was made according to the reduced model of Kurelić, Momirović, Stojаnović, Šturm, Rаdojević and Viskić-Štаlec (1975). Dancers were divided into 3-groups based on predictor scores. 10 participants were randomly divided into an experimental (n=5) and a control (n=5) group. Results: ... Data on ankle PF maximal angles and ROM were collected pre-and post-intervention using 3-dimensional motion capture while performing repeat (10 repetitions) and static ( E levé, or demi-pointé, is a core dance movement and an integral part of any dancer's repertoire, 1 serving as a starting position for other dance movements such as jumps and pirouettes. The growth of the dance industry has resulted in a highly competitive business environment. The results of the study suggest that rhythmic gymnastics training could provide a viable means for contemporary dancers to target active ROM and power of explosive dance movements. Pilot Study. Reduced lower body muscular power is associated with increased severity of injuries. The physical demands imposed on contemporary dancers by choreographers and performance schedules make their physical fitness just as important to them as skill development. ... A movement that is inextricably linked with dance is turnout (TO)-i.e., external rotation of the lower limbs, generated mainly by external hip rotation, as well as small amounts of tibiofemoral rotation, tibia torsion, and external rotation of the foot-ankle complex. It's important in dance as many popular steps and routines require a certain ammount of flexibility. Furthermore, the world champion matched the timing of movement peak velocity to the beat across the different beat rates. Design: flexibility meaning, definition, what is flexibility: the ability to change or be changed easi...: Learn more. This was anticipated since preliminary data suggest that dance is predominantly an intermittent type of exercise. Flexibility also reduces [...] requirements, i.e. Dance requires optimal range-of-motion and cognitive abilities. Dancers are always trying to find more flexibility in their bodies. Research has indicated that the central nervous system plays a protective role in preventing catastrophic muscle damage by reducing the intensity and frequency of propagation founded on biofeedback from the muscle cells. Without language limitations, we searched electronic data bases, including MEDLINE (1966-2002), Current Contents (1997-2002), Biomedical Collection (1993-1999), the Cochrane Library, and SPORTDiscus, and then identified citations from papers retrieved and contacted experts in the field. Sixteen subjects were tested before and after both a static stretching of the quadriceps, hamstrings, and plantar flexors or a similar duration control condition. Dance Flexibility Stretch Tips. © 2018, DPTZK (Physical Education Pedagogues Association). It is also the characteristic which most distinguishes dancers from non-dancers, ... At the turn of the 20 th century, the artistic director of the New York City Ballet, George Balanchine, imposed a requirement that female dancers should be ultra lean and long-limbed [15,25] ; this has had an infl uence on ballet companies ever since. ... 3,4 Modern dancers usually perform technical movements by holding the legs in turn-out and neutral positions 5 with a high level of active and passive ROM at the ankle and hip joints. The results of the study indicate significant differences between the groups of subjects. Ideally, the effectiveness of the battement tendu or dégagé closing movement is achieved through maintaining a straight, well-aligned leg throughout the movement trajectory; however, visual observation indicates that dancers often make unhealthy biomechanical adjustments to accommodate the closing action, when the leg closes from the front into the fifth position. The way in which we approach flexibility now is very different to the way we used to think about flexibility, even 5 years ago. Results: Dancers at all levels and in all dance genres spend considerable time practicing this movement, either repeatedly (performing consecutive repetitions) or statically (holding the elevé position for a time) during classes, rehearsals, and performances. 80 male dancers in total participated in the research: 35 dancesport and 45 folk dancers from the territory of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, in the age range of 18 to 22. The range of flexion, extension and external rotation was significantly greater in the group of long-time dancers (p <0.05). Pre and post measures of range of motion (ROM) and power were taken via a dance-specific kick test using an isokinetic dynamometer and a customized grand jeté test in a 3D-motion laboratory. The total sample was composed of 211 children, girls (n=103) and boys (n=108) who were participants in groups of the Preschool Institution “Čukarica” in Belgrade, divided into three homogeneous groups of average age of 6.21±0.56 years. Twenty-three adolescent female dance students (mean age 13.57 ± 0.50 years) were measured while performing two elevé tasks: 10 repetitions ("repeated elevé task") and 10 consecutive seconds hold ("static elevé task"). 2. Therefore, dance students constantly aim to increase active, functional ROM for higher performance in meeting choreographic demands (Bronner and Ojofeitimi, 2011;Abraham et al., 2016Abraham et al., , 2017. 2) Αξιολόγηση σωματομετρικών χαρακτηριστικών, λιπομέτρηση, σωματότυπος και 3) Αξιολόγηση της φυσικής κατάστασης μέσω επιλεγμένων φυσικών © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. The participants were asked to either flex or extend their index fingers on the beat in each condition. This paper presents unique lower limb hypermobility profiles identified in elite dancers. All participants completed the Bruininks-Oseretsky test as a pre-test at the beginning of the experiment and then took part in the SPARK motor programme consisting of 16 training sessions. To evaluate the flexibility of the dancers the goniometer was used, which is designed to measure joint angles of the human body. It has been determined that insufficiency in strength (Angioi et al., 2009) and flexibility. adj. Background. The active range of motion of the hips was measured in three planes using a goniometer in order to assess the influence of dance training on hip joint mobility. Conclusions. Flexibility. Finally, supplementary exercise training significantly increases lower body muscular power, upper body muscular endurance and aerobic fitness, which in turn are beneficial to improve AC of contemporary dancers. Seventeen volunteers underwent a series of physical fitness tests (body composition, flexibility, muscular power and endurance, and aerobic capacity) and aesthetic competence assessments (seven individual criteria commonly used by selected dance companies). Ballet Perfect Posture Program. The sample comprised 49 dancers (37 women and 12 men) aged 15 to 32 years. Flexibility has often been regarded as the most important physical characteristic in dance due to the aesthetic value placed on large ranges of motion. The results showed a significant difference in all tests except dynamometry. © 2018, DPTZK (Physical Education Pedagogues Association). goal of the research was achieved; the differences between the morphological and motor status were determined for female students attending primary schools from the inner-city and suburban areas. Flexibility factor of repetitive strength and explosiveness factor, 5. Namely, children of the first group are more voluminous compared to the children of other groups, and children of the second group are slightly heavier compared to the children of the third group. Flexibility and balance exercises -- which work stability muscles -- can decrease the chance for muscle imbalances, which can throw off your … A post hoc analysis revealed decreased vertical jump performances for the PNF treatment group. What does flexibility mean in dance terms? 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