Otters in fish hatcheries, stocked ponds, or private waterways can wreak havoc in a short amount of time. Below are some illustrations of fencing that has been successfully installed to prevent otter predation. One of the golden rules is to please take your litter home with you, because this can seriously injure all wildlife. - 4 - The revised (2006) Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) target for otters in England was for at least 997 10km squares to show signs of otter occupation by 2010 and for 1084 10km squares to show signs of otter occupation by 2015. 8: Stay aware. Please remain aware of how the otter is behaving. If it changes its behaviour, then there’s a good chance you have disturbed it and should leave quietly. Many people ask us where they can see otters. … They leave the protection of their mothers at 10 – 12 months and can breed at 2 years old. 2: Prioritise species safety. The hedgehog tick (Ixodes hexagonus), which is a close relative of the deer tick (Ixodes ricinus), is also a common parasite on otters. Are otters a problem for freshwater fisheries? They say to use chat but no one answers at chat - even during the work hours they are open. It’s important to watch them responsibly, so we’ve produced a simple advice guide to help you to understand the dangers that otters face — and to help you enjoy them as much as we do. "It's not physically possible for them to spread very quickly," said Yoxon. (Copyright on fence and costings image remains the sole property of Joss Faulkner, and should not be reproduced without express permission.). Mating occurs at any time of the year and females give birth to 2 – 3 cubs, usually between May and August. These are very important, as they are used to communicate with other otters. 8: Stay aware. Today, the species is flourishing across Scotland, and recovering well across the UK as waterways are cleaned up. 6: NEVER BAIT AREAS OR OTTERS. What measures? In the UK, the otter is protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act and is listed as a priority species for conservation under the Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP). Pollution from pesticides, mercury, oil spillages and PCB’s are still a hazard to otter populations in some countries, as well as habitat destruction on land and in the water. If you have any ideas for an invention then please do let me know. Cubs are usually born in a holt in a bank, or between rocks or tree roots. 9: Never disclose exact locations on public or social media sites. Changes in traditional farming methods also play a part in threatening the otter via the increasing use … UK Election 2015: most important personal issues Share of HK residents who are very satisfied with press freedom HK 2012-2018 Italy: electoral expense reimbursements 2011-2016 We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. SC143304, with registered offices at The Park, Findhorn Bay, Forres, Moray, IV36 3TH. in length along the coast, or from 5-20 km. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/otters-protection-surveys-and-licences 5: Always stay downwind. and the use of this iconic species to raise awareness of pollution problems and the benefits of action to improve the environment. Jefferies, D. J.; Hanson, H. M.; Harris, E. A. A high number population of sea urchin can be reduce and reach its normal number of population because sea otter feeds on it. The otter is carnivorous and eats almost exclusively live prey, such as trout (Salmo trutta), young salmon (Salmo salar) and other fish, crustaceans, eels, frogs, water birds and insects. 7: Never remove spraints (dung). However, we can help those affected. The Environment Agency can be contacted on 03708 5060506 (ask for the local Biodiversity & Fisheries Officer). Otters that live along coastlines feed mainly on crabs and dogfish (Scyliorhinus spp.). 7: Never remove spraints (dung). The most common issues with otters center on specialty facilities being invaded by the hungry mammals. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. A company limited by guarantee, registered in Scotland – company No. Nowadays, these charismatic animals can be seen in every county in the UK. of food per day. 11: Seek advice. 1167746 To grasp its prey, the otter has sharp, non-retractable claws on its feet, which each have five toes. Aside from polluted habitats, hunting also contributed to the decline in their population. Anti-Climbing Suit otter 2016-10-26T12:00:52+01:00. along a river, and are fiercely defended, sometimes resulting in death. The European or Eurasian otter is the most widely-distributed of the world’s 12 otter species, and it occurs throughout Europe and much of Northern Asia, including Russia, China and the Korean peninsula. Otters also have an acute sense of smell! But it survived in Scotland’s cleanest bodies of water in the north and west. Since these were withdrawn from use, otters … Anti-Spider Protection Vehicle otter 2016-11-22T10:36:29+00:00. Like most wild mammals, the otter is host to a range of parasites, and these include a common trematode (Pseudamphistomum truncatum) and a fluke (Metorchis albidus), which have been found in otter gall bladders. We will help erect fencing if it is possible and feasible for us to do so; © 2020. The return of otters to the UK. The European otter is classified as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, meaning that it is likely to be considered threatened in the near future. We are very happy to advise on any aspect of fishery protection – simply get in touch for more information. Since July 1988 at least 300 otters have been run over in England and Wales. Predation by otters can have a serious impact on both private and commercial fisheries. Dodson claims the Environment Agency reintroduced otters to a nearby river without informing him and that the otters ate all the stocked fish in … Newborns are only about 12cm long but grow quickly and can swim at three months. Otter droppings, or spraints, are often used to mark territory. Its range also encompasses Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia in North Africa, Middle Eastern countries from Turkey to Iran and Afghanistan, the Himalayan river valleys of Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bhutan, and parts of Southeast Asia, including Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. With climate change, housing and an ageing demographic key social issues facing the UK in 2020, we take a closer look at what we can do to make society stronger. The male plays little, if any, role in rearing the young. Please pass this on to an otter group in that area, so they can add the information to their database for monitoring and survey purposes. The otter’s coat is brown on top, while the underside is a paler cream colour. By the 1970s, otters were restricted mainly to Scotland, especially the islands and the north-west coast, western Wales, parts of East Anglia and the West Country (though they remained common and widespread also in Ireland). SEE OUR SELECTION. The hedgehog tick (Ixodes hexagonus), which is a close relative of the deer tick (Ixodes ricinus), is also a common parasite on otters. Thankfully, following the ban of these chemicals in the early 1990s, water quality increased and the slow-road to recovery began. Several factors … Here you’ll find many useful information sheets about otters, and what to do if you happen to find one. A female otter reaches sexual maturity at between 18 months and 2 years of age, although most breeding begins at between 2 and 3 years. 6: NEVER BAIT AREAS OR OTTERS. A major cause of death is injuries sustained in territorial fighting, while others are killed whilst crossing roads or by drowning after getting caught in traps for fish and crustaceans. Doing so may change otter behaviour patterns and will be VERY detrimental to the species. The otter also has some other adaptations that support its aquatic lifestyle, including its sleek, streamlined body shape, the ability to close its nose and ears with flaps of skin when underwater, and webbing between the toes of its feet. Fortunately, in 2011, the Environment Agency announced their return. The spraints usually contain fish bones and have a distinctive, pleasant smell, sometimes compared to that of jasmine tea. In the UK, otters almost became extinct in the fifties and sixties because of rivers contaminated with chemical residues. A detailed survey in 2003-04 of 1,376 sites all over the country found evidence of otters at 92% of them, including in large urban areas such as Glasgow, Edinburgh and Dundee. Once you locate otters, take note of behaviour, weather and river conditions, numbers, and other general details of what you saw, along with times and dates. The otter has good senses of sight, hearing and smell, and the long whiskers on each side of its snout are highly sensitive to touch, helping it to find food in murky conditions underwater. She wants the treat at the bottom of the bottle. However, in the past it is likely that wolves (Canis lupus) preyed on the otter, as wolves in North America today are known to catch the related North American river otter (Lontra canadensis). The otter is at the top of the aquatic food chain in much of its range today, with no natural predators. Otter numbers plummeted in Britain in the 1950s due largely to pollution from pesticides and habitat loss. In some areas of western Europe, including … Shetland in particular has a dense population of otters, and is estimated to be home to 12% of the UK total for the species. With a range of cover options, switching temperatures and certifications, Otter has a thermostat for your next project. Predation can eat into the profits of those with vested interests in fish, but measures can be taken to prevent otters from taking stock from still-water fisheries. The otter is active mainly at dusk or after dark, and during the day rests in a burrow, known as a holt, that it makes in riverbanks or under the roots of a tree. It’s important to know your target species’ habitat, behaviour and feeding patterns before setting out. After 10 weeks they are able to swim, but will remain with their mother for up to a year. The otter (Lutra lutra) was lost from most of England and Wales between the 1950s and the 1970s because of pesticide pollution of waterways. If otters fascinate you, below are some interesting otter facts. Otters are slow to reproduce and most mothers only bear two sets of cubs in their lifetime. Considerable advice is available to establish whether it is otters that are causing problems to a fishery, and if so whether compromise measures such as decoy ponds etc might be sufficient. The otter was once widespread throughout the UK and Europe. I am trying to contact Otterbox for a refund but there is no way to contact them. When census takers tried to count the nation's homeless population, they ran into many problems that could threaten the accuracy of the effort. long. National survey of otter Lutra lutra distribution in Scotland 2003-04. We all know that we’re unable to fence every mile of water, and also that otters are here to stay as a (rightfully) protected species. Doing so may change otter behaviour patterns and will be VERY detrimental to the species. The latest breaking news, comment and features from The Independent. In mainland Europe, otter territories often overlap with those of the European beaver, and the ponds created by beavers are important for otters in rivers where there is little deep water. The floods of last autumn and winter have compounded the problem. This information may get into the wrong hands. The ponds also provide otters with a source of fish, and disused beaver lodges are used by otters for shelter. 10: Always keep dogs on leads – no matter how well behaved they may be –and under control near watercourses and rivers, especially if you know that otters may be nearby. That's what a half dozen census takers around the U.S. tell The Associated Press. Otters that live in coastal waters need to visit fresh water regularly to clean their fur. Search. Other Problems Your console has been manufactured under strict quality standards, as required by the regulations governing the manufacture of electronic devices. Like all predators, the otter fulfils a regulatory function on the numbers of the species that it preys upon. Otter waste can also be an issue … Skip to main content The Wildlife Trusts. The otter’s droppings are known as spraint and otters use them to mark their territories How to recognise In the UK otters can only really be confused with the introduced American mink, but otters are much larger (95-130cm in length, including tail), with a distinctive white throat. You can also report otter spots to us by clicking here. The eyes are located on the top of the head, so that they are above the water when the animal is swimming. Twenty-five years ago, The English otter population was on the brink of extinction after half a century of agricultural chemicals leaching into the rivers and polluting the food chain. Whether it a glimpse of water-webbed whiskers, a lithe body porpoising in play, or the tip of a ruddering tail, the sight of a shy otter is one of the most rewarding wildlife experiences in the UK. We also hope to work with organisations such as the Angling Trust and Environment Agency (both of whom will also advise on otter predation prevention) to strengthen our position and benefit both angling and otter conservation. The existence of sea otter is helping the ecosystem to be balance. These are covered in fur, but have their eyes closed for the first 5 weeks. We are happy to visit fisheries to advise on the best preventative measure(s). Otters also have an acute sense of smell! The dense fur acts as insulation, helping to keep it warm in the water, and the guard hairs are covered in a water-repelling oil, which keeps the skin underneath dry. Mortality can be high amongst young otters, often due to starvation when they disperse in areas where there are well-defended territories of adults. 2. 2020 Census Homeless. Female territories are about half the size of those of the males. There will be more Otter inventions soon, I promise! In recent years, though, the otter has recovered considerably in the UK and much of Europe due to conservation efforts and the banning of pesticides such as dieldrin. The otter can live for up to 10 years, but in the wild its average lifespan is often 3-4 years. Traffic injuries are also a problem, as more roads are built through their habitats. Fencing can be a contentious subject for some due to cost, but it needn’t be. Copyright © 2019 Uk Wild Otter Trust | Designed by Kinlake, Otter factfile: What they’re like, threats, and how to find them, What to do if you find a live otter or cub, Click here for advice on how to find otters. Otters in England and Wales are mainly found on freshwater systems but they can also exploit coastal habitats, and there is growing evidence that they … VAT No. Two species of tapeworms (Diphyllobothrium latum and Diphyllobothrium medium) that are parasites of fish have been found in otters. Main navigation. 1: Do your research. Origin & Distribution: The otter is a secretive semi-aquatic species which was once widespread in Britain. 3. A fish farmer who claims his business was ruined after otters ate all of his 22,000 prized carp has been told his argument for damages is "hopeless". Otters have acute hearing and will hear you from a long way off. Also shown is a guide of the actual costs (it should be noted that the members of this small non-profit received the materials from the fishery manager). Organochlorine chemicals which are found in pesticides contaminated rivers in England rendering them uninhabitable for fish and otters. Territories range in size, depending on the availability of food, and may be up to 3 km. Plastic can holders (the type that hold your larger cans together) are a particular hazard to otters as they are inquisitive animals, and often get their head stuck in these, while empty plastic carrier bags pose a potential threat to many species. Please feel free to contact us directly if we can help! (1990). The prevalence of Pseudoterranova decipiens (Nematoda) and Corynosoma strumosum (Acanthocephala) in otters Lutra lutra from coastal sites in Britain. Please remain aware of how the otter is behaving. In some parts of its range, including India, Pakistan, Burma and Thailand, it is already considered to be Endangered, and in Mongolia it is listed as Critically Endangered. The European otter is protected in various international conventions, including the European Union’s Habitats and Species Directive and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), where it is listed in Appendix 1, which prohibits all trade in individuals from the wild. About us. 4: Wear waterproof, but silent, clothing. Our vision is of a revitalised wild forest in the Highlands of Scotland, providing space for wildlife to flourish and communities to thrive. Trees for Life is a registered Scottish charity – number SC021303. With a good membership behind you, the protection can be installed for very little – in almost 100% of cases, for much less than just one prize fish. In Europe the otter populations declined substantially in the 1960s and 1970s, due to mortalities caused by pesticide use. With Brexit done, the EU has other problems to deal with — starting with ‘illiberal’ Hungary Peter Conradi, Europe Editor Sunday January 03 2021, 12.01am , The Sunday Times One of the major culprits behind the disappearance of otters in the UK is habitat pollution. Otter offers a variety of different themostats including the versatile G-series, robust V series, and the fluid optimised Y1 series. nets and traps). If you’re unsure about anything at all, there are many good otter conservation and education groups that are willing to help you and answer any questions. I ordered SAMSUNG OTTER + POP SYMMETRY GALAXY S20 BLACK Item No: 77-64209 and paid extra to have it shipped overnight. in body length, with a tail that is up to 45 cm. Captive otters have been recorded eating an average of 1.5 kg. Their weight ranges from 7-12 kg. In parts of their range, otters are also threatened by hunting, and bycatch in some fishing gears (e.g. Ring pulls and empty cans, for instance, can be a hazard to otters in or near water, not to mention the risk of cutting humans or other wildlife. After a gestation period of 60-64 days, 2-3 (or sometimes 4) pups are born. We are unable to confirm exact number of otters, but we can give simple advice to enable both species to co-exist. Helping Otters in the UK The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) is classed as “Near Threatened” in the IUCN Red Data List, which means it is near to facing a high risk of extinction in the wild. The return of the otter in England is causing problems for commercial fisheries, which are resorting to unusual remedies. Please feel free to download and use these sheets free of charge for reference. 605079649. 3: Know your companions. It has large lungs, and its heart rate slows down to conserve oxygen when underwater, enabling the otter to dive for several minutes. In recent years the otter has encountered new and varied threats, including habitat destruction (road building, new urban development), persecution by fishery owners and gamekeepers (as they are seen as a threat to fish and game birds – which is untrue), and if near the sea, injury and capture in fishing nets. (AP Photo/David Becker, File) 2 / 5. If you’re going out with another photographer, ensure that you know them and their behaviour, and that you’re both on the same page. Never put a photograph, film clip, or personal experience before the welfare of the otter. However, at some point during a product’s life cycle, some units may develop problems. This list is not exhaustive, but it gives you the basic rules of professional otter watching. The main problem the otter has faced in the recent past has been habitat loss and hunting by humans, but with conservation efforts addressing those issues in the UK, its population has expanded again, and its future now looks assured here. Although it was previously widespread in Japan, it is now believed to be extinct there. Therefore, we are happy to offer the following to affected fisheries (free of charge to successful applicants): 1. We do not want to see otters persecuted because people feel they have no other avenue, and we do not want to see beautiful fishing waters closed down when there is help available. It is an opportunistic feeder, taking whatever prey is available, and is also known to eat small mammals, including young European beavers (Castor fiber). Fencing if it is possible and feasible for us to do so ; 3 may change otter behaviour and. Have five toes body length, with registered offices at the Park, Findhorn,. 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