Apparently, where salt bush is available the cattle like it and give the meat a flavour the Japanese particularly like. In the US, it is acknowledged that maturity of the beef animal has a direct effect on the tenderness of that beef. But there’s one difference that isn’t obvious at first glance – our beef. The Australian beef is similar in marble, but very different in terms of color. What we can all agree on, though, is that feet and inches are no way to measure anything. The same goes for naturally raised Australian lamb. When it comes to experience there are few meat exporters around the world who can compete with the Aussies. Australian beef is freerange. In the US, light switches flick the wrong way; sales tax is added at the register; soft drinks are bigger; there’s still a one-cent coin for some reason; and thongs definitely don’t go on your feet. As of today, tariffs on Australian beef have again been cut to 27.5% (frozen) and 30.5% (fresh or chilled) while our competitors [United States] continue to pay the higher rate of 38.5%.” The United States will not have its tariff on beef exported to Japan cut to 27.5% until … However, since the advent of MSA, some carcasses are now graded by ossification. The Meat Standards Australia (MSA) grading system instead focuses on the eating quality of specific cuts, with regards to tenderness, juiciness and flavour, and doesn’t treat intramuscular fat as a prerequisite for high-quality beef. The term ‘EXPORT – QUALITY MEAT” can mean any meat items processed to an export standard at an export establishment can lay claim to this statement, no matter what the age of the animal. The consumption of beef accounts for 24.7 per cent of world meat consumption. The term “A – GRADE QUALITY MEAT” is usually associated with the AUS-MEAT category cipher “A” (frozen meat) which indicated that the product is usually sourced from older animals up to and including 8 tooth cows. Why does US beef taste and smell so different from Australian beef? In Australia we have spent hundreds of millions of dollars on MSA grading. One would expect that this should be a world-wide standard, especially from a developed country like Australia, where we need our overseas markets to take the majority of the beef slaughtered in Australia. PR:    is 7 permanent teeth up to 42 months of age. YG    is 2 permanent teeth after 30 months of age.. YP     is 4 permanent teeth up to 36 months of age. Further information on the AUS-MEAT language is available on the Industry Standards section. When the producer sells a beast or carcass, generally he is paid a price based on dentition, sometimes ossification. Served as juicy grilled steaks, a tender roast or your own special creation, Aussie Beef helps put delicious, craveable meals on your family table all year long. US beef has up to a 25pc premium to Australian beef and has clearly displaced Australian beef from the market, resulting in lower prices and less volume being exported to Korea. And on most occasions the consumer is not told. exporter; although USDA expects US beef exports to decline during 2002. That’s not to say, however, that Australian grass-fed beef is without marbling, with some Aussie grass-fed beef receiving impressive 4+ marble scores. Australian beef exceeds internationally recognised food safety and animal health standards. However, the different names of Wagyu refer to the specific region that the cattle is raised, such as Kobe, Kagoshima, Matsusaka and Ohmi. Both grain-fed and grass-fed beef offer a number of health benefits, and are highly concentrated sources of the nutrients you need to survive. Australian Beef. Any Australian who has spent time in the US will know there are some important differences between our two nations. To account for the effects of aging on beef tenderness, the evaluation of carcass maturity is integral to the formula for grading. The distinction between grain-fed and grass-fed beef is important because, where grain-fed beef tends to be more consistent, grass-fed beef is more affected by seasonal and geographic factors, leading to a wider variety of complex flavours and textures. While all cattle are grass-fed at first, there comes a point when they either remain grass-fed or are switched to a grain diet. The coronavirus blame game is escalating a trade conflict between China and Australia. Ethical Meat in Australia: Organic vs Grass Fed vs Grain Fed Beef If you google organic vs grass fed vs grain fed beef, you’ll find a heap of articles from the US. Whether it’s chuck, brisket, rib, loin, round, plate, or flank, the most important thing you need to know is how to cook it. The metric system is waiting for you, America…. 2000 - 2013. What is the difference between American beef and Australian beef and why is the color different? Browse our cooking tips to learn how to buy, prepare and cook beef using the best techniques straight from the Australian beef experts. A:      is 8 permanent teeth and 48 months any age. The Beef Hormone Dispute is one of the most intractable agricultural controversies since the establishment of the World Trade Organization (WTO).. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) system has three categories for quality beef – Prime, Choice and Select – and emphasises intramuscular fat, which is found in greater amounts in grain-fed beef. In the US there has been a craze on Kobe beef and people got familiar with the word Kobe, and so it has been a tool to market any type of Wagyu, but unfortunately it does not mean its all the real deal. US beef vs Australian Beef. With so much choice, there's a beef cut to satisfy every taste, budget and occasion. USA beef quality is known to be consistent and correct, which is why USA have larger sales than us internationally, and why they moved back quickly into those markets after the BSE scare. Of course, they have grass-fed beef in the US, too, but it tends to be a by-product of the dairy and beef production system, and is of variable quality, usually ending up in hamburgers. Thus the US is both a major market for Australian beef and a major competitor in third country markets. Is this intentionally meant to be misleading? Entirely minced. Want Steak School to sizzle up your inbox? The Australian beef grading system. Like Japan, Korean consumers have a genuine preference for US beef. “When you say Australian beef, it is more herby in taste, earthy and beefy in flavor. I am working at a steakhouse and I am in a mini state of confusion. Perhaps it would be much fairer if a grading system followed a beast from abattoir front door through to the retailer. Clear as mud?? You’ll also find lots of scare articles from ‘wellness’ sites and paleo sites about why you should only eat grass fed or organic beef. The United States is a key competitor for Australia, shipping beef to over 130 different destinations, with a significant presence in Australia’s high value markets such as Japan and South Korea. Under the trade agreement, Australian frozen beef attracts a tariff of 27.2 per cent, around half that imposed on US imports under the snapback measure. It depends on who you buy it … The statement does not represent any criteria representing the actual eating quality of the product. In the US, it is acknowledged that maturity of the beef animal has a direct effect on the tenderness of that beef. Grain-fed cattle in the US are mostly fed on corn and soy. However, you can easily find very healthy American beef that is all natural. Wagyu refers to a class of cattle breed that is highly marbled and thus desired for its taste. United States. The term ‘EXPORT – QUALITY MEAT” can mean any meat items processed to an export standard at an export establishment can lay claim to this statement, no matter what the age of the animal. If you see Kobe in a menu or at store there is a high chance that it’ll be an American or Australian crossbred Wagyu. On average about $3/kg cheaper. Grain-fed beef tends to have a more consistent taste, whereas the flavor profile of grass-fed varies based on the land where the cattle graze, their breed, and the time of year. Grass-fed beef is also high in Omega 3 fatty acids, the same healthy fat found in fish. A lot of the grass-fed beef sold in the U.S. now comes from Australia because it's cheaper and available year-round. Grass-fed represents only about four to five per cent of beef consumption in the US, and even then, much of that is produced in Australia, New Zealand and Uruguay. It is interesting to watch Australian producers get half of the cattle prices that the USA producer receives. The grades are: USDA prime;   USDA choice; USDA select; and USDA standard. Australian Beef is the home of beef for Australians. MSA relies on ossification instead of dentition as part of the formula to identify meat tenderness. More often minced, D         72 to 96 months    Generally minced, E          more than 96 months. Please note that the ‘A’ letter, which usually indicates first class or top grade in the real world, is used on the oldest category of meat. Dentition (numbers of teeth) has always been the way of judging the age of a beast. The Australia ‘language’ is supposed to relate to the following definitions of grading: Y       is no permanent teeth up to 18-month-old. These grades are used across America itself, and across all beef sold internationally. Australia produces high-quality grassfed beef, including flavorful wagyu beef, providing a range of options for every taste. USA beef is mainly grain feed and the cattle are pumped full of drugs. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. On the other hand, Australia’s predominantly grass-fed cattle are raised and fattened exclusively on pasture. This feeding regime leads to beef that has a consistently buttery flavour and mouthfeel. Grass-fed beef tends to be leaner than grain-fed beef, and is a particularly good source of iron and zinc, which are important for energy, brain function and healthy growth and development. Ossification is using the bone density to tell the age of the animal, and it also supposedly indicates the eating quality of the meat. The statement does not represent any criteria representing the actual eating quality of the product. Restaurant retailers and wholesalers are notorious for buying cheaper, more unreliable meat and then on selling it at a premium price. AusMeat is a joint venture between MLA and the processors, part of their brief is establishing grading language, and some people might say ‘run by the processors for the benefit of the processors’. It is still used when the producer sells the beast in the saleyards. Unless Australian grassfed producers can get their act together, support the restructure of their representative organisation, and take control of their own industry with a strong united vote, then we will see beef consumption fall even further due to inconsistency of the product. USA quality grading refers to the expected eating characteristics: those of tenderness, juiciness and flavour, and are used to reflect differences in expected eating quality, Australian Beef Association – Australian Beef Association. Battle of the Beef: American Black Angus vs Wagyu Beef The Cuts of Beef To make this fight fair for both contestants, the cuts used were as similar as possible: Two beautiful Sirloin Caps of the same size/weight, aged for 21 days. After reading instructions like that, then you see ads like this………. Built on over 200 years of experience the Australian meat market has generations of expertise and brings all this to the fore when producing the vast range of meat products that we at Tom Hixson of Smithfield online butchers stock. USA quality grading refers to the expected eating characteristics: those of tenderness, juiciness and flavour, and are used to reflect differences in expected eating quality amongst slaughter cattle in their carcass form!! Not based on, as in Australia, how you can use the changed boning categories to your (processors) best advantage. The fact is, you can be buying a piece of steak from a prime beast or a very old beast, because there are now so many grades of ossification (boning categories) that most meat can make it through to be graded. Each cut has a unique texture and flavour that suits certain cooking methods and recipes, making it … Australia exported 937,301 tonnes of beef and veal in 2010-11, worth $4.5 billion. The differences in production between the US and Australia are reflected in each country’s grading system. Historically, the name “Wagyu” 和牛 is meant to refer to all Japanese beef cattle, with “Wa” meaning Japan and “gyu” meaning cow. “EXPORT QUALITY MEAT”, the following information should be taken into account. This makes it a highly sought after product with virtually unlimited market access across the globe. Meat and Livestock Australia (MLA) grades beef using the Meat Standards Australia … ShopRite can sell foreign beef for $4.99 a pound, compared with $10 or more a pound for American, grass-fed beef, because costs are so much lower in Australia. Copyright © Ultimately, whether you prefer the sweet and buttery flavour of US grain-fed beef, the more varied and interesting flavours of Australian grass-fed beef or the flavour profile of Australian grain-fed beef will come down to your own personal taste. When purchasing products promoted as “A – GRADE QUALITY MEAT” or. In Australia, the vast majority of cattle are grass-fed, but in the US, they tend to be grain-fed. The major export markets for beef and veal are Japan (37 per cent), the United States (17 per cent) and Korea (15 per cent). Why Australian beef isn't served more in American steak houses is a big question. US, Brazil, India & Australian exports to China But where we really differ is in how we feed our cattle. All Rights Reserved. Theirs is a more honest grade to give to young beef, compared to the mafia of greed here. Is the US steak much more lighter in terms of meat color as compared to the Australian steak? Because MSA now takes precedence over the old AusMeat language, the ossification classification takes precedence over dentition. If it was discounted as a carcass, then that meat of that beast should also be discounted at the retail or food service level. South Korea is a major growth market for the US, with beef exports up 8% year on year. You know the numerous reasons for this – we have talked about it for long enough. The fact is that chicken and other meats continue to get an increasing share of the protein dollar market, is in large part due to the inconsistency of the guarantee of beef eating quality. Depending on where you shop or eat, you might also come across grading systems from Australia and Japan. American Grass fed Black angus beef takes on the australian wagyu Picnha. In addition, Australia’s supply chain traceability systems and product integrity are second-to-none. Newbrain One would expect that this should be a world-wide standard, especially from a developed country like Australia, where we need our overseas markets to take the majority of the beef slaughtered in Australia. Sign up for exclusive content, events, competitions and much more. The high beta-carotene content in grass also leads to stronger flavours in the fat found in grass-fed beef. In the US grading system, grass-fed beef essentially doesn’t grade, and in the small number of cases where it does, the grades tend to be low. It was watered down due to pressure from non-adoption, or a lack of promotion by the retailers, and this is what we have now. The USDA has forecast a mild 0.5 percent increase in US beef imports for 2019, compared to a potential 21pc increase in China’s overall beef … There are many factors that can contribute to the tenderness and flavour of beef, but perhaps the most important element is the type of feed the cattle are raised on. The USA grading system is very interesting. Australia must be such a success for the multinational abattoirs. To determine USDA quality of grades, there are five maturity groupings designed from A through to E.   Approximate ages corresponding to each maturity classification are: C         42 to 72 months. On dentition, sometimes ossification perhaps it would be much fairer if a grading system: is 7 teeth. Consumers have a genuine preference for US beef taste and smell so different from beef! S grading system Australia we have spent hundreds of millions of dollars on MSA grading around the world Organization... 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